Hugo is an environmental anthropologist whose work to date spans a broad range of subjects in environmental and nonhuman anthropology—including projects on reindeer pastoralism, environmental volunteering, climate policy, land-use conflicts and transnational bird conservation. He is particularly interested in the potential of anthropology to critically rework inherited vocabularies and develop novel modes of description.

Currently he is a senior research fellow in the Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages, University of Oslo.